What are the treatments for heroin use disorder?

Why does heroin become addictive? 

Heroin is incredibly addicting. It’s an opioid, and when it connects to brain receptors, it releases the neurotransmitter dopamine. This discharge is only fleeting, like the majority of medication side effects, which makes some users need more of the positive sensation.

The brain no longer starts producing as much dopamine as it previously did if an opiate is taken frequently over a period. As an outcome, to experience the same amount of pleasurable experience, the individual must take more significant or more regular dosages of the narcotic.

Anyone else who uses opioids runs the odds of contracting an opioid addiction, and drug abuse can strike anybody at any time.

Such risk factors will include the following:

  • A family history of drug or alcohol addiction
  • Excessive tobacco use
  • Unemployment/ setbacks in life
  • History of clinical depression
  • Exposure to high-risk environment
  • History of risky behaviour

It’s crucial to keep in mind, though, that just because you or anyone you know possesses one or even more of these risk variables doesn’t guarantee that they will eventually lead you to a drug addiction. Drug abuse has several facets and social, behavioural, and hereditary variables can all contribute.

How is heroin abuse diagnosed? 

An in-depth evaluation and diagnosis by a psychiatrist or psychologist are required to diagnose any chemical substance use problem, particularly opioid addiction. Sometimes, the diagnosis is made by a certified drug and alcohol counsellor.

What is the treatment for heroin addiction? 

Any drug addiction, including heroin addiction, cannot be a “cure-all”ed. Instead, efficient treatments are accessible to support the patient throughout and after recovery. The particular types of treatment employed typically depend on the user, the substance in use, and any underlying medical issues.

Heroin abuse is treated in many different ways. Several therapy modalities are frequently more efficient than just one.

Pharmacological (medication-based) and behavioural therapies are the two main types of heroin abuse disorder treatment.

Medication-based therapy

When you stop using an opiate like heroin after becoming physically dependent on it, you may experience various side effects during withdrawal. These signs might range from mild to severe. They comprise nausea, vomiting, pain and diarrhoea.

In addition to having intense drug cravings, detoxing from opiates can be unpleasant and unbearable. The withdrawal effects and detox itself can be treated with heroin.

It makes it less likely that heroin is used during detox because the medication can reduce urges and physiological side effects.

In most therapies, detoxification from the substance comes first. The effectiveness of subsequent treatments lessens if detox is psychologically impossible to manage. It’s ideal if the person is under medical supervision to increase cleansing safety. Your doctor might recommend that you undergo detox in a facility.

Treatment using behavioural therapy

Both outpatient and residential treatment options are available for behavioural therapy. Psychotherapy, group sessions, and contingency planning are all possible.

A person can learn coping mechanisms for cravings, create strategies for dealing with relapse, and recognize and address any issues that may be creating emotional distress with the use of behavioural therapy.

Despite being a severe condition, heroin use disorder is curable. Addiction doesn’t need to be long-lasting or even persistent. You can recuperate; there is assistance available.

Speak to your physician or another medical provider if you believe you or a close one has a heroin addiction. They might provide further assistance for assistance and rehabilitation along with help with an evaluation. You can also join a rehabilitation centre like ours that will offer you behavioural therapies, both inpatient and outpatient, for treatment. Get in touch with us now to book a consultation!

Categorized as Health

By Finn

Finn Oliver Edwards: Finn, a pediatric nurse, shares child health tips, parenting advice, and preventive measures for common childhood illnesses.